伯克氏菌屬

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更新時間: 2013-09-05

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模式種Burkholderia cepacia
(Palleroni and Holmes 1981) Yabuuchi et al. 1993種(B. ambifaria)
須芒草伯克氏菌(B. andropogonis)
(B. anthina)
巴西伯克氏菌(B. brasilensis)
(B. caledonica)
卡瑞苯西思伯克氏菌(B. caribensis)
石竹伯克氏菌(B. caryophylli)
(B. cenocepacia)
洋蔥伯克氏菌(B. cepacia)
洋蔥伯克氏菌群(B. cepacia complex)
(B. dolosa)
(B. fungorum)
唐菖蒲伯克氏菌(B. gladioli)
格氏伯克氏菌(B. glathei)
莢殼伯克氏菌(B. glumae)
(B. graminis)
(B. hospita)
(B. kururiensis)
鼻疽伯克氏菌(B. mallei)
(B. multivorans)
吩嗪伯克氏菌(B. phenazinium)
(B. phymatum)
(B. phytofirmans)
植物伯克氏菌(B. plantarii)
類鼻疽伯克氏菌(B. pseudomallei)
吡咯伯克氏菌(B. pyrrocinia)
(B. sacchari)
新加坡伯克氏菌(B. singaporensis)
(B. sordidicola)
(B. stabilis)
(B. terricola)
(B. tropica)
(B. tuberum)
(B. ubonensis)
(B. unamae)
越南伯克氏菌(B. vietnamiensis)
(B. xenovorans)
(Candidatus B. calva)
(Candidatus B. kirkii)
(Candidatus B. nigropunctata)
(Candidatus B. verschuerenii)

伯克氏菌屬,或伯克氏菌,又譯伯克霍爾德菌(學名Burkholderia),是伯克氏菌科的一個屬,這個屬下最出名的有鼻疽伯克氏菌(B. mallei),是一種會在馬或其他相關動物身上引起馬鼻疽的病菌;屬下亦有引起類鼻疽的類鼻疽伯克氏菌(B. pseudomallei)及引起人類肺部囊腫性纖維化感染的洋蔥伯克氏菌(B. cepacia)。

伯克氏菌屬以往是假單胞菌屬的一部份,它表面上是革蘭氏陰性菌、富有運動性及好氧性棒狀的細菌。它同時有動物、人類、植物和一些對環境重要的物種的病因。當中B. xenovorans是著名的殺蟲劑及多氯聯苯的生物降解者。伯克氏菌會被用在農業上作為生物降解、生物控制及促進植物生長之根圈微生物,但由於有可能對人類造成免疲危害而這個用途仍然是在商討之中。由於伯克氏菌相對地對抗生素的抗藥性及高運動性,鼻疽伯克氏菌及類鼻疽伯克氏菌有時會被認為是針對家畜及人類的生物戰潛在媒介。

伯克氏菌屬 -參見
細菌分類表

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