《同性婚姻提案》

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更新時間: 2013-09-21

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此提案是由李銀河博士所擬,期間改了寫,寫了又改,共三次提交,直到最後完成。

建議在修改《婚姻法》時增加關於同性婚姻的條款,或設立獨立的法規,准許同性婚姻。

《同性婚姻提案》 -內容
理由如下:

第一,根據現行法律,同性戀行為不違反中國法律,同性戀者是具有各項權利的中華人民共和國公民。同性戀者當中有人有結婚的要求,這一要求與憲法沒有衝突,應該得到承認。

第二,鑒於同性戀者屬於少數族群,許多國家已設立反歧視的保護性法規。目前西方許多國家已陸續承認了同性婚姻,較早的有澳大利亞及北歐國家,美國的部分州,較晚的有法國和德國。如果中國能夠實現同性婚姻合法化,這將是中國在保護少數族群利益、反對歧視立法方面的巨大成就,同時這也表達了先進文化的發展方向與和諧社會的根本要求。某些西方國家,特別是天主教國家,迫於宗教壓力在關於同性戀的立法上進展十分艱難;而中國文化具有寬容同性戀的歷史傳統,這是我們在人權方面可以得分的一個有利背景,應善加利用。

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第三,由於同性戀者的關係沒有婚姻形式加以束縛和保障,容易造成一部分同性戀者交友隨意,增加性病傳播的可能性。而承認同性婚姻則可以使相當一部分同性戀者建立和保持長期關係,減少短期關係,從而減少性病傳播的可能性。

第四,從歷史和跨文化的研究看,凡是人口增長壓力較大的國家,對同性戀一般都採取比較寬容的政策;而人口稀少的國家對同性戀則比較嚴厲。這是因為人口中有這樣大的一個人群不生育,將對國家的人口狀況產生直接影響。據統計,男女同性戀人口在人群中會佔到3-4%,在中國就是3900萬-5200萬人。由於沒有同性婚姻法,這些同性戀者大多數會同異性結婚生育。如果他們可以與同性結為生活伴侶,將有這樣大的一個人群不生育,有利於中國的人口控制。

第五,中國有保護少數族群和弱勢群體利益方面的成功經驗,如在保護少數民族利益、保護婦女兒童利益方面都屬於世界領先地位。

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